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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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recruitment and voluntary enlistment into the Polish Army, and also for
Polish military institutions dealing with these matters—i.e., registration,
victualling and medical posts—to resume their activities.
" 4. In reply to the charges of induction of Polish citizens into the Red
Army and labour battalions (stroy battalion), this Note asserts that only
Soviet citizens have been conscripted."
In August., 1942, the Soviet Government informed the British Govern-
ment, and the Polish Ambassador, who was then in Kuibyshev, that it had
decided to evacuate the remaining Polish troops from Russian territories
and since the British Government had already expressed its willingness
to take them, the Soviets suggested that the remaining Polish Army
should be evacuated to Iran.    It was an answer to the British proposal
made to Molotov when the latter was in London in May.   He had been
informed of the difficulties attached to the transportation of the mass of
equipment intended for the Polish Army to Russia, and a suggestion had
been made that it would be easier to transport the men to the Middle East,
where this war material was stocked.   When the Soviets had decided
to  get rid of Anders' Army,  Moscow recalled this  proposal and
the British Government was simply informed of Stalin's consent.   On
July 2nd, the Polish Government received this surprising news through
the medium of the British Foreign Office.   The decision came into force
at the end of August—44,000 soldiers crossed the Soviet frontier to Persia
and with them 27,000 members of their families and orphaned children.
" Long rows of soldiers stood to attention on the decks of the ship as it
prepared to leave the Russian port," one of the soldiers wrote, describing
the scene of departure. The bugler played the song of* the Polish Army.*
From every throat burst the strains of that mighty song: * We shall never
leave our soil... * it rang out like a threat to the enemy. It was a threat—
* soon we shall be organised again and, arms in hand, surge forward on the
path which leads to Poland, to the aid of our people, to the release of our
country from its slavery/
'* A second after the end of this song, there was a silence. A profound
silence, uninterrupted by any word of farewell... And so, we left Russia."*
The Polish Army finally left Russia, but the agents recruited by the
N.K.V.D. and inserted into the Polish Units remained in the Soviet
Union—they consisted of a few men under Lieutenant-Colonel Berling.
Before leaving Russia, General Anders approached the Soviet authorities
with the request that a centre for the continuation of recruitment to the
Polish Army should be permitted to remain open on Soviet territory.
Moscow rejected this proposal on the grounds that " since the Polish
Government did not consider it possible to send the Polish divisions
formed in the U.S.S.R. to the Soviet-German front, the Soviet Govern-
ment cannot consent to the formation of any Polish units whatsoever in the
Soviet Union or to the recruitment of men for that purpose."
On August 27th, 1942, the Polish Foreign Minister, in a Note handed to
Ambassador Bogoinolov, declared that, the Polish Government considered
* Boruta Spiechowicz, Pohka Wdczqca (Fighting Poland), London, July, 1942.